Arnica montana - By Farrington
IACH - Prof. G. Vithoulkas
Arnica montana arn

Arnica montana is commonly called leopard's bane. The tincture of Arnica montana should be prepared from the roots of the plant rather than from the flowers, because the latter are infested by a little insect, the bodies of which, "together with, the eggs, considerably modify the action of the pure drug and of course add symptoms which are foreign to the genuine effects of Arnica. We also find an essential oil in the flowers differing somewhat from that found in the roots. I hardly know why the plant has been called the leopard's bane, for it is hardly poisonous. While there have been a few cases of death resulting from its extravagant use, most of the cases have been traced to preparations in which the flowers were used, so that it is not unlikely that the fatal result was due to the insects. The species which is officinal in our materia medica, the Arnica montana, does not grow in this country, but is indigenous to Europe. Its essential oil contains an imperfectly known alkaloid called ARNICIN, and a starchy substance known as INULIN.

 

To properly understand Arnica as a whole, you must know that it affects the bloodvessels. Exactly how it does this, I can hardly tell you as it is not clearly defined in my own mind; but the results I CAN tell you. It so affects the bloodvessels, particularly the capillaries, that dilatation of the smaller bloodvessels and extravasation of blood becomes possible. This weakening of the capillary walls, which admits of this extravasation of blood, explains the application of Arnica to trauma. It also explains the application of the drug to typhoid conditions. Now keep this before your minds, that Arnica so alters the capillaries that blood may ooze through their walls, and you will understand its symptoms. There seems to be a venous stasis producing an extravasation of blood. This form of oozing cannot occur from a healthy vessel.

 

Arnica is applicable to both the acute and chronic effects of injuries. The acute injuries for which it is useful are the following: Simple bruises in which there are well-marked ecchymoses; concussions of the brain or spine or both. We have no remedy which equals Arnica in these last-named cases. Even compression of the brain comes within the range of Arnica, whether this compression be the result of a displaced fragment of bone in cranial fracture, or the result of effusion of blood within the cranial cavity. Arnica cannot, of course, cure in the former of these cases ; an operation is demanded in order to obtain permanent relief. You may use Arnica in injuries of the muscles from a strain or from a sudden wrench, as in case of heavy lifting, and in haemorrhages of mechanical origin. Fractures of the bones may call for the use of Arnica both externally and internally to relieve the swelling and tumefaction of the limb, and also to relieve the twitching of muscles, a reflex symptom of the fracture.

 

In chronic effects of injury, we may use Arnica when diseases which may even be entirely foreign in their appearance to the ordinary symptomatology of the drug may be traced to a traumatic origin. No matter what that disease may be, whether of the brain, eyes, lungs or nerves, if injury is the exciting cause, the administration of Arnica is proper.

 

Again, as Arnica undoubtedly acts on the muscular tissue itself, we may use it for the consequences of diseases in the muscle, for instance when one has been working very laboriously, and in consequence, the whole body feels sore and bruised as if pounded ; or again, when heavy work may have caused hypertrophy of the heart. This last-named is not strictly a disease but it ends in disease. The heart is a muscle that grows under the stimulus of exercise as much as does the biceps of the arm. As a result of the cardiac hypertrophy, the patient complains of swelling of the hands on any exertion. The hand becomes redder than natural and swells when the arm is permitted to hang down. The pulse you find to be full and strong. When the heart has reached this stage of hypertrophy, there are local symptoms in addition to those mentioned. The heart feels as though tightly grasped with the hand. The whole chest feels sore and bruised and he cannot bear his clothing to touch it.

 

This will at once suggest to you CACTUS, which has that constriction about the heart. Cactus, however, does not have a traumatic origin for its symptoms.

 

The sensitiveness of the. chest suggests LACHESIS; but it is a different symptom under Arnica, which has not that sensitiveness of the peripheries of the nerves as it is under Lachesis, but it is a true soreness from fulness of the bloodvessels.

 

 

Other remedies to be compared with Arnica in this hypertrophy of the heart are:

 

RHUS TOX., especially if there is a rheumatic diathesis.

 

ARSENICUM, if it has resulted from climbing high places.

 

BROMINE has also been successfully used in this condition.

 

Now let me give you the typhoid symptoms of Arnica, which although very different from those just mentioned, depend upon a similar condition of bloodvessels.

 

The changes in the bloodvessels by the typhoid poison, favor the formation of ecchymoses here and there over the body. There is also a passive congestion of the brain. This is shown by drowsiness and indifference to those about him and to his condition. The patient falls asleep while answering questions just as we find in BAPTISIA. With these symptoms, you almost always find the head hot and the body not-hot. I put it that way for brief. The symptom in the materia medica reads, the head is hot and the body cool, or at least not hot, implying that there is a difference in temperature between the head and the rest of the body. That symptom has been so often confirmed that it is well for you to remember it. The patient complains of a bruised feeling all over th'e body, so that the bed feels too hard to him. He is restless and tosses about the bed to find a soft spot on which to rest ; and yet the fault is not with the bed, it is with himself. Suggillations appear on the back from hypostasis. The lungs become affected; and here, too, the same character of Arnica shows itself. There is a cough with expectoration of mucus and blood. If the patient is still conscious enough, he will complain of sore bruised feeling in the walls of the chest. As the case progresses still further, Arnica may yet be called for, when the pressure of the blood in the brain is sufficient to cause apoplectic symptoms. The breathing becomes heavy and even stertorous. The lower jaw drops. Petechia appear on the skin and both stool and urine are passed involuntarily, the patient of course being in a stupor. These are the typhoid symptoms of Arnica.

 

Now for the muscular symptoms. . Arnica develops a true myalgia. The pains occur in the muscles of any part of the body. They are of traumatic origin or they come from over-exertion and are accompanied by this sore bruised feeling, which is so necessary to the choice of the drug.

 

In rheumatism, you may employ Arnica, not for true inflammatory rheumatism, but for the local rheumatism which occurs in winter weather and which seems to be the combined effect often of exposure to dampness and cold and strain on the muscles from over-exertion. The affected parts feel sore and bruised. Any motion, of course, aggravates, this sensation. There are sharp shooting pains'which run down from the elbow to the forearm or which shoot through the legs and feet. The feet often swell and feel sore and bruised.

 

In cases of injuries, the drugs to be thought of in connection with Arnica are these: First, RHUS TOX., which as I have already told you more than once, is preferable to Arnica when the ligaments of a joint, rather than the soft parts, are involved in an injury. It acts on the fibrous structures. Arnica is suited more to the tumefaction of the other tissues.

 

CALENDULA is to be thought of when the injury causes a torn or ragged wound, possibly with loss of substance. Calendula removes the inflammatory condition of the part and so permits of healthy granulation.

 

HYPERICUM is to be substituted for Arnica when the nerves have been injured along with the other soft parts. Nothing equals Hypericum in case of mashed finger. It relieves the pain and promotes healing. It often follows Arnica in concussion of the spine. Dr. Ludlam of Chicago is very partial to Hypericum in this trouble with the spinal cord. He has relieved some severe cases with it.

 

Another drug yet is STAPHISAGRIA. This is the remedy for smooth clean cuts, such as are made by the surgeon's knife, and hence it is called for in symptoms which are traceable to surgical operations. Even if the symptoms which follow are not apparently connected with the symptomatology of Staphisagria, you may expect, when they arise from this cause, to obtain relief by its administration.

 

LEDUM is useful after Arnica when the latter remedy fails to relieve the soreness. It is also suited to injuries inflicted by pointed instruments, therefore in punctured wounds.

 

SYMPHYTUM OFFICINALE is the proper remedy for bone injures. For example, when a blow on the eyes injures the orbital plates of the frontal bone. It may also be administered in case of irritable stump after amputation; and also for irritability of bone at point of fracture.

 

If the latter condition is the result of impaired nutrition, CALCAREA PHOS. should be prescribed.

 

Arnica may be used as a preventive of pyaemia. It is thought by some physicians, that this remedy promotes the evacuation of pus, that it promotes the appearance of pus on the surface of a sore. With the object of preventing pyaemia, some surgeons use Arnica after operations, applying it locally and giving it internally at the same time.

 

This property of Arnica to prevent pyaemia lies at the foundation of the stereotyped practice among physicians of giving this drug to women after delivery. It tends to relieve the soreness following parturition and promotes proper contraction of the uterus and expulsion of coagula and of any portions of the membranes that may have been retained.

 

Arnica has an action on the skin, producing crops of boils all over the body. They begin with soreness and go on to suppuration, and are followed by another crop. It may also be used in boils and abscesses which have partially matured but which instead of discharging, shrivel up by reason of absorption of the contained pus. Arnica given internally and applied externally redevelops the abscess.

 

Further, in connection with the action of Arnica, I would call your attention to the effects of the drug on the gastro-intestinal tract. We find it indicated in dyspepsia, when, after a meal, there is impending apoplectic congestion of the brain with throbbing headache and drowsiness; and also, when there is some difficulty in the digestion of food ; there are foul breath, slimy yellow coating of the tongue, eructation of gas tasting like rotten eggs, tympanitic distension of the abdomen and foul-smelling stools.

 

Arnica may be called for in cholera infantum, diarrhoea, or dysentery ; the stools have a foul odor and are slimy, bloody, and even purulent, and are accompanied by great urging and straining to stool. The dyspeptic symptoms just mentioned will be present, and there are sharp, stitching pains through the abdominal walls. The patient is thirsty, and yet he does not know what he wants to drink.

 

I should like, in closing, to mention the use of Arnica in whooping-cough. It is indicated in children who have a violent tickling cough, which seems to be excited whenever the child becomes angry. The child loses its breath when it cries. Before a paroxysm it begins to cry. Why ? The lungs and trachea are sore. The little sufferer knows What is coming and dreads it; that is the interpretation of the symptom. The expectoration is frothy, slimy, and always mixed with blood.

 

In compression of the brain from apoplectic extravasation of blood,. Arnica may be used when associated with the hemiplegia, there is an aching soreness all over the body. Bed-sores form very readily.

 

 

 

 

The Arnica patient is morose, wants to be let alone, does not want to be talked to, does not want to be approached. He does not want "to be approached, both because he does not wish to enter into conversation, a mental state, and also because he does not wish to be touched on account of the great bodily soreness. These are the two most striking things in this medicine. Irritable, morose, sad, fearful, easily frightened, imagines all sorts of things, especially that he has heart disease, or that he will mortify, or that some deep-seated trouble is upon him. Full of nightmare, dreadful dreams, dreams of muddy water, robbers, etc. Horrors in the night. He frequently rouses up in the night, grasps at the heart, has the appearance of great horror, fears some dreadful thing will happen. A sudden fear of death comes on at this time, rousing him up in the night; he grasps at the heart, and thinks he is going to die suddenly. He is full of dreadful anguish, but finally he comes to himself, lies down and goes off into a sleep of terror, jumps up again with the fear of sudden death and says: "Send for a doctor at once." This is repeated night after night in persons who are fairly well in the daytime, who have no sympathy because there seems to be no reality in their sickness, only a mental state. It is also seen in persons who have gone through a railroad accident, or through some shock, who are sore and bruised from injury. They rouse up in the night with a fear of sudden death, with an expression of terror; the horrors they really went through are repeated. This is similar to OPIUM, only the OPIUM fear remains, even in the day time. Arnica dreams of it.

 

When sick in bed afflicted with a zymotic disease, with violent fever, or with fever after an accident or injury, he becomes greatly prostrated, stupid and unconscious. He can be aroused and will answer a question correctly, but goes back into a stupor, or he hesitates about a Word and is unable to find correct words when trying to answer and goes back into the coma. When roused up, he looks at the doctor and says: "I do not want you; I did not send for you; I am not sick; I don't need a doctor." He will say this even when he is seriously ill. I have seen an Arnica patient lie back upon his pillow after emptying the stomach of a black fluid like blood, seriously ill, with the face mottled, in zymotic sickness or such as threaten malignant chill, that one would think he was almost going to die, look up and say ? "I am not sick; I did not send for you; go home." Yet when in a state of health he was friendly, kind-hearted, knew me well, glad to shake hands with me; but now he is irritated at seeing me there and insists there is nothing the matter with him. Such is the "shock" state, almost a delirium. After finishing such a sentence he will lie down in a stupor, will lie in bed drawn up in a heap and merely groan when spoken to. He wants to be left alone, does not want to be bothered, does not want to be "talked to. That state ushers in complaints after a shock that has shaken the whole system, that has disturbed the circulation. When a symptomatic typhoid is coming on, i.e., when an intermittent or remittent is taking on symptoms that are typhoid in character, when the tongue becomes shiny, and sordes appear about the teeth and lips, when there is sinking, and soreness all over the body, there are times when this mental state that I am describing will appear and the patient must have Arnica. Arnica will interrupt the progress and prevent a typhoid state. Arnica is sometimes suitable to the scarlet fever, when the eruption does not come out, in those severe forms when the body is dusky, mottled and covered with red spots; the patient is constantly turning and that mental state is coming on with moroseness, and stupidity. It is a wonderful remedy, a misunderstood remedy, a misused remedy, because it is almost limited to bruises. It is one of the sheet anchors in certain seasons, in the malarial valleys of the West, for intermittent fever. In congestive chills, in those dreadful attacks with prostration, stupor, mottled skin, with congestion that comes on suddenly, with anxiety. The doctors know these fevers, they dread them, and can only cope with them by using such remedies as Arnica and LACHESIS and other deep-acting medicines. It is not true that these patients must have QUININE. For many years I practiced among these cases, and I have seen numerous congestive chills and had no need for QUININE. I would rather have my repertory and a few potencies than all the QUININE in the drug stores. The sugar pills cure safely, permanently and gently, while the QUININE never cures, but suppresses, and there is nothing in the after history of that patient drugged with QUININE and ARSENIC but congestion and violence so long as he lives.

 

"Horror of instant death, with cardiac distress in night." Prom that it spreads on throughout the system, but that horror of instant death is a striking feature and it comes on regardless of heart disease. A horror in the night when there is nothing to come upon the patient; a horrible congestion, which affects especially the cerebellum and upper part of the spinal cord.

 

"Stupor with involuntary discharges." "Coma, insensibility." "Lies as if dead." These symptoms come in the low forms of disease, in the typhoid type of disease. Many of the remittent fevers, if badly treated, or permitted to run their course under bad nursing, will turn into a continued fever. While the true idiopathic typhoid comes on after many weeks of gradual decline, a symptomatic typhoid may come on suddenly, and it has symptoms of graver form than the ordinary typhoid. The idiopathic typhoid will seldom kill and will generally run to a favorable termination, if the doctor stays at home. This remedy is full of delirium in these low types of fever, even delirium like delirium tremens. "Hopelessness; indifference." "Hypochondriacal anxiety, peevishness." "Fears being struck by those coming towards him." That is both bodily and mental.

 

Now, with this mental state thoroughly in mind, we are prepared to take up the general physical state, which has in all complaints, all over the body a feeling as if bruised. It is not strange that Arnica is used for bruises, but it is very foolish to put it on the outside and to rub it on in the form of the tincture. It produces in its pathogenesis mottled spots, like bruises. If you take Arnica internally, in large doses, you will have mottled spots, bluish spots, which become yellowish, due to ecchymoses, from extravasations of the smaller capillaries. This is, to a certain extent, what takes place in bruising. It is an extravasation of blood from the capillaries, and sometimes from the larger vessels. But all over the body he is sore and bruised, as if he had been beaten. If you watch an Arnica patient in order to get the external manifestations of his state, you will see him turning and moving. You will at once ask yourself, Why is he restless? and if you compare remedies in your mind, you will say, He is like RHUS TOX.; he stays in a place a little while and then he moves. No matter if he is only semi-conscious, you will see him make a little turn, part way over, and then a little further over, and so on until he is over on the other side. Then he commences again, and he will shift a little and a little, and so he turns from side to side. The question is, why does he move so, why is he restless? It is an important matter to solve. We notice the awful ANXIETY of the ARSENICUM patient that keeps him moving all the time. We notice the PAINFUL UNEASINESS felt all over the body with the RHUS patient so that he cannot keep still. The Arnica patient is so SORE that he can lie on one part only a little while, and then he must get off that part or to the other side. So if we ask him, "Why do you move so?" he will tell us that the bed feels hard. That is one way of telling that the body is sore. A more intelligent individual will say it is because he is so sore and feels as if bruised and beaten, and he wants to get into a new place. This state of soreness is present if it be a symptomatic typhoid, an intermittent fever, a remittent fever, or after an injury when he is really bruised all over. You get the same continual uneasiness and motion, moving every minute. He moves and thinks that now he will be comfortable, but he is comfortable only for a second. The soreness increases the longer he lies, and becomes so great that he is forced to move. With RHUS TOX. the longer he lies the more restless he grows and the more he aches, until he feels as if he will fly if he does not move. With RHUS TOX. the uneasiness passes off after moving, and with Arnica the soreness passes off if he gets into a new place. With ARSENICUM you see him moving about and look wild, and he is anxious, and this anxiety forces him to move, and he gets no rest, for he keeps going. The RHUS TOX. and Arnica patients get better from every little motion.

 

The Arnica patient bleeds easily; his blood vessels seem to be relaxed, and extravasation is easy. Blue spots come easily upon the skin, and internally the mucous membranes bleed easily. The parts that are inflamed bleed. He is subject to catarrhal conditions, and if he has a cough he bleeds easily. The mucus that is hawked out of the chest and throat is streaked with blood, or dotted with tiny pin-head blood clots. His urine contains blood and there is bleeding from the various orifices of the body. There is not sufficient tone in the fibres of the vessel to hold the blood within the vessel walls and they ooze.

 

All over the body there is a lameness, and soreness, and a feeling as if bruised; a rheumatic lameness; the joints are swollen, sore and lame. If an acute disease becomes more severe, we shall find the mental symptoms as described, and there will be an increasing soreness in the muscles. Arnica is very suitable for that sore, bruised condition of the body, therefore Arnica is a very important remedy in injuries, bruises and shocks, injuries of joints, injury of the back with lameness and soreness. In such conditions Arnica becomes one of the first remedies, and unless there are general decided symptoms calling for other remedies it should be the first remedy. Arnica will very often take all the soreness out of a sprained ankle and permit him in a few days to go walking about, to the surprise of everybody. The black and blue appearance of sprained joints will go away in a surprisingly short time, the soreness will disappear, and he will be able to manipulate that joint with surprising ease. I have seen a sprained ankle when it was black and blue, so swollen that the shoe could not be put on, but after a dose of Arnica, the swelling disappeared in an astonishing way, the discoloration faded out and the patient was able to stand on the foot. No such result can be obtained with the use of Arnica lotion externally. A high potency of Arnica is most satisfactory in bruises, and when no decided contra-indication is present Arnica is the first remedy; but for the weakness of tendons that follows such a condition Arnica is not always sufficient, and then RHUS TOX. is its natural follower. If the weakness and tenderness remain in the joints, follow the RHUS with CALCAREA. One will not, of course, give these remedies all on the same day, and not in the same glass, but will wait until all the good has been gotten out of the Arnica before following with RHUS. It is quite a common thing for aching and restlessness and weakness to come into a part that has been injured, and RHUS is then a suitable remedy; and it is quite common for a joint that has been badly treated to remain gore and weak, and then CALCAREA comes in as a natural follower of the RHUS. Now and then we have to resort to CAUSTICUM, STAPHISAGRIA, and other remedies, because of some peculiar feature in the case, but these remedies are all related more or less to Arnica, RHUS and CALCAREA. For another class of injuries compare LEDUM and HYPERICUM.

 

Arnica is useful in some chronic cases; especially in old cases of gout. It is quite a common thing for old cases of gout to rouse up into a new soreness of joints, with great sensitiveness. You will see the old grandfather sit off in a corner of the room, and if he sees little Johnnie running towards him, he will say, "Oh, do keep away, keep away." Give him a dose of Arnica and he will let Johnnie run all over him. He does not want to be touched or approached; he feels that anything that is coming towards him is going to hurt him. He is extremely sensitive, his joints are sore and tender, and he is afraid they will be hurt.

 

This medicine has erysipelatous inflammation. If you have an erysipelas of the face with the mental state described, with soreness, and sore, bruised feeling all-over the body, you need not wait longer before prescribing Arnica. The sore, bruised feeling all over the body, and the mental state, would decide in favor of Arnica against any medicine. In inflammation of the kidneys and bladder, of the liver, and even in pneumonia, the mental state and the sore, bruised feeling all over the body would enable you to do astonishing work in such cases, even though Arnica has never produced pneumonia. It has all there is of the rusty expectoration, with all the soreness of the chest and catarrhal state, the coughing and gagging, and sore, bruised feeling all over the body, and then add to this the condition of. stupor and the mental state that belongs to the inflammatory condition of any organ and is especially strong in this medicine. We do not have to worry about arty particular fineness of diagnosis to settle upon Arnica.

 

Arnica has aversion to meat, broth and milk. There is great thirst at particular times; for instance, DURING THE CHILL of intermittent fever he has thirst, while at other times he is thirstless. "Vomiting of dark-red coagula, mouth bitter; general soreness." Vomiting of black, inky substances.

 

Arnica is a useful remedy in inflammatory conditions of the abdomen, liver, intestines, with tumefaction, tympanites, prostration, tendency to uneasiness, and so sore that he cannot be touched. This state also comes with typhoid. Do not forget the symptoms of Arnica in appendicitis. You do not need to run for the surgeon for every case of appendicitis if you know BRYONIA, RHUS TOX., BELLADONNA, Arnica and similar remedies. The homeopathic remedy will cure these cases, and, if you know it, you need never run after the surgeon in appendicitis except in recurrent attacks. If you do not know your remedies, you will succumb to the prevailing notion that it is necessary to open the abdomen and remove the appendix. It is only deplorable ignorance that causes appendicitis to be surrendered to the knife.

 

Offensiveness is a feature of Arnica; there is offensiveness of the eructations, and of the flatus. The stool is horribly offensive. "Nightly diarrhoea." "Stool involuntary during sleep." "Stools of undigested food, purulent; bloody, slimy, mucus," Dark blood, very foetid stool. Here we see the tendency to oozing from the mucous membranes. Black watery stools with black vomit. "Retention of urine from exertion," from overwork, from injury, from concussion of the brain, from some violent accident. The urine is brown, or inky, dark. "Piercing pains as from knives plunged into the kidneys." "Urine very acid, with increase of specific gravity."

 

Another feature of Arnica occurs in pregnant women. The extreme sensitiveness, soreness or tenderness throughout the whole body is especially felt in the abdominal viscera, in the uterus and pelvic region. Sensitiveness to the motion of the foetus, sore and bruised; the motions of the foetus are very painful and keep her awake all night. Arnica will remove that soreness and she will not distinguish the motion of the foetus. It is not an increased motion of the foetus, but that she is sensitive to it. "Constant dribbling of urine after labor."

 

A general feature also of the remedy is that the body is cold and the head hot; the whole body and the extremities are cold, but the head feels hot. This is a marked condition in sudden congestive attacks, in congestive chill and congestive intermittent fevers. This, sometimes, is the very beginning of a severe attack when there has been almost no warning except a night or two of bad dreams and distress, fear-fulness and stupefaction, with soreness in the body. If he comes out of this, an increased soreness in the body comes on, which grows worse and worse until he is sore and bruised all over. Children going into severe attacks of infantile fever may threaten convulsions, the head is hot and the body cold. Most physicians will think of BELLADONNA, which has such cold extremities and such a hot head. Do not forget Arnica, especially in those children who seem to have an aversion to being touched, and scream out every time the mother takes hold of the leg or arm. Look into the history a little and you will see that this is a soreness, and if you strip the child you may observe dusky spots, which give an added indication of Arnica.

 

This is a whooping-cough remedy; you can easily conjure up what the indications are for whooping-cough; aggravation from touch, sore, bruised condition, spasmodic cough with expectoration of blood, or dark blood-streaked mucus, or little tiny pin-head dots all through the mucus. Vomiting of food with black mucus. The mental state of the child can easily be imagined. The child is cross and fretful. "Cough excited by cries in children when accompanied by anger and tossing about." "Paroxysms of cough at night." "Whooping cough; child cries before paroxysms as though in fear of soreness." You can easily . apply that which we have seen in the remedy to the various diseases that come on. Stitching pains in whooping cough, pleuritic pains with catarrh of the chest, with pneumonia or pleurisy, inflammatory conditions. It has also more lingering complaints, "fatty degeneration of the heart." Stitches in the cardiac region, stitches from left to right. "Weary, bruised, sore, great weakness, must lie down, yet bed feels too hard."

 

It will be well to read over all these symptoms; there are numerous particulars in the remedy, many little symptoms that are of great interest.

 

It follows well after ACONITE.and is complementary to ACONITE, IPECACUANHA and VERATRUM.

 

 

 

 

Arnica montana is commonly called leopard's bane. The tincture of Arnica montana should be prepared from the roots of the plant rather than from the flowers, because the latter are infested by a little insect, the bodies of which, "together with, the eggs, considerably modify the action of the pure drug and of course add symptoms which are foreign to the genuine effects of Arnica. We also find an essential oil in the flowers differing somewhat from that found in the roots. I hardly know why the plant has been called the leopard's bane, for it is hardly poisonous. While there have been a few cases of death resulting from its extravagant use, most of the cases have been traced to preparations in which the flowers were used, so that it is not unlikely that the fatal result was due to the insects. The species which is officinal in our materia medica, the Arnica montana, does not grow in this country, but is indigenous to Europe. Its essential oil contains an imperfectly known alkaloid called ARNICIN, and a starchy substance known as INULIN.

 

To properly understand Arnica as a whole, you must know that it affects the bloodvessels. Exactly how it does this, I can hardly tell you as it is not clearly defined in my own mind; but the results I CAN tell you. It so affects the bloodvessels, particularly the capillaries, that dilatation of the smaller bloodvessels and extravasation of blood becomes possible. This weakening of the capillary walls, which admits of this extravasation of blood, explains the application of Arnica to trauma. It also explains the application of the drug to typhoid conditions. Now keep this before your minds, that Arnica so alters the capillaries that blood may ooze through their walls, and you will understand its symptoms. There seems to be a venous stasis producing an extravasation of blood. This form of oozing cannot occur from a healthy vessel.

 

Arnica is applicable to both the acute and chronic effects of injuries. The acute injuries for which it is useful are the following: Simple bruises in which there are well-marked ecchymoses; concussions of the brain or spine or both. We have no remedy which equals Arnica in these last-named cases. Even compression of the brain comes within the range of Arnica, whether this compression be the result of a displaced fragment of bone in cranial fracture, or the result of effusion of blood within the cranial cavity. Arnica cannot, of course, cure in the former of these cases ; an operation is demanded in order to obtain permanent relief. You may use Arnica in injuries of the muscles from a strain or from a sudden wrench, as in case of heavy lifting, and in haemorrhages of mechanical origin. Fractures of the bones may call for the use of Arnica both externally and internally to relieve the swelling and tumefaction of the limb, and also to relieve the twitching of muscles, a reflex symptom of the fracture.

 

In chronic effects of injury, we may use Arnica when diseases which may even be entirely foreign in their appearance to the ordinary symptomatology of the drug may be traced to a traumatic origin. No matter what that disease may be, whether of the brain, eyes, lungs or nerves, if injury is the exciting cause, the administration of Arnica is proper.

 

Again, as Arnica undoubtedly acts on the muscular tissue itself, we may use it for the consequences of diseases in the muscle, for instance when one has been working very laboriously, and in consequence, the whole body feels sore and bruised as if pounded ; or again, when heavy work may have caused hypertrophy of the heart. This last-named is not strictly a disease but it ends in disease. The heart is a muscle that grows under the stimulus of exercise as much as does the biceps of the arm. As a result of the cardiac hypertrophy, the patient complains of swelling of the hands on any exertion. The hand becomes redder than natural and swells when the arm is permitted to hang down. The pulse you find to be full and strong. When the heart has reached this stage of hypertrophy, there are local symptoms in addition to those mentioned. The heart feels as though tightly grasped with the hand. The whole chest feels sore and bruised and he cannot bear his clothing to touch it.

 

This will at once suggest to you CACTUS, which has that constriction about the heart. Cactus, however, does not have a traumatic origin for its symptoms.

 

The sensitiveness of the. chest suggests LACHESIS; but it is a different symptom under Arnica, which has not that sensitiveness of the peripheries of the nerves as it is under Lachesis, but it is a true soreness from fulness of the bloodvessels.

 

 

Other remedies to be compared with Arnica in this hypertrophy of the heart are:

 

RHUS TOX., especially if there is a rheumatic diathesis.

 

ARSENICUM, if it has resulted from climbing high places.

 

BROMINE has also been successfully used in this condition.

 

Now let me give you the typhoid symptoms of Arnica, which although very different from those just mentioned, depend upon a similar condition of bloodvessels.

 

The changes in the bloodvessels by the typhoid poison, favor the formation of ecchymoses here and there over the body. There is also a passive congestion of the brain. This is shown by drowsiness and indifference to those about him and to his condition. The patient falls asleep while answering questions just as we find in BAPTISIA. With these symptoms, you almost always find the head hot and the body not-hot. I put it that way for brief. The symptom in the materia medica reads, the head is hot and the body cool, or at least not hot, implying that there is a difference in temperature between the head and the rest of the body. That symptom has been so often confirmed that it is well for you to remember it. The patient complains of a bruised feeling all over th'e body, so that the bed feels too hard to him. He is restless and tosses about the bed to find a soft spot on which to rest ; and yet the fault is not with the bed, it is with himself. Suggillations appear on the back from hypostasis. The lungs become affected; and here, too, the same character of Arnica shows itself. There is a cough with expectoration of mucus and blood. If the patient is still conscious enough, he will complain of sore bruised feeling in the walls of the chest. As the case progresses still further, Arnica may yet be called for, when the pressure of the blood in the brain is sufficient to cause apoplectic symptoms. The breathing becomes heavy and even stertorous. The lower jaw drops. Petechia appear on the skin and both stool and urine are passed involuntarily, the patient of course being in a stupor. These are the typhoid symptoms of Arnica.

 

Now for the muscular symptoms. . Arnica develops a true myalgia. The pains occur in the muscles of any part of the body. They are of traumatic origin or they come from over-exertion and are accompanied by this sore bruised feeling, which is so necessary to the choice of the drug.

 

In rheumatism, you may employ Arnica, not for true inflammatory rheumatism, but for the local rheumatism which occurs in winter weather and which seems to be the combined effect often of exposure to dampness and cold and strain on the muscles from over-exertion. The affected parts feel sore and bruised. Any motion, of course, aggravates, this sensation. There are sharp shooting pains'which run down from the elbow to the forearm or which shoot through the legs and feet. The feet often swell and feel sore and bruised.

 

In cases of injuries, the drugs to be thought of in connection with Arnica are these: First, RHUS TOX., which as I have already told you more than once, is preferable to Arnica when the ligaments of a joint, rather than the soft parts, are involved in an injury. It acts on the fibrous structures. Arnica is suited more to the tumefaction of the other tissues.

 

CALENDULA is to be thought of when the injury causes a torn or ragged wound, possibly with loss of substance. Calendula removes the inflammatory condition of the part and so permits of healthy granulation.

 

HYPERICUM is to be substituted for Arnica when the nerves have been injured along with the other soft parts. Nothing equals Hypericum in case of mashed finger. It relieves the pain and promotes healing. It often follows Arnica in concussion of the spine. Dr. Ludlam of Chicago is very partial to Hypericum in this trouble with the spinal cord. He has relieved some severe cases with it.

 

Another drug yet is STAPHISAGRIA. This is the remedy for smooth clean cuts, such as are made by the surgeon's knife, and hence it is called for in symptoms which are traceable to surgical operations. Even if the symptoms which follow are not apparently connected with the symptomatology of Staphisagria, you may expect, when they arise from this cause, to obtain relief by its administration.

 

LEDUM is useful after Arnica when the latter remedy fails to relieve the soreness. It is also suited to injuries inflicted by pointed instruments, therefore in punctured wounds.

 

SYMPHYTUM OFFICINALE is the proper remedy for bone injures. For example, when a blow on the eyes injures the orbital plates of the frontal bone. It may also be administered in case of irritable stump after amputation; and also for irritability of bone at point of fracture.

 

If the latter condition is the result of impaired nutrition, CALCAREA PHOS. should be prescribed.

 

Arnica may be used as a preventive of pyaemia. It is thought by some physicians, that this remedy promotes the evacuation of pus, that it promotes the appearance of pus on the surface of a sore. With the object of preventing pyaemia, some surgeons use Arnica after operations, applying it locally and giving it internally at the same time.

 

This property of Arnica to prevent pyaemia lies at the foundation of the stereotyped practice among physicians of giving this drug to women after delivery. It tends to relieve the soreness following parturition and promotes proper contraction of the uterus and expulsion of coagula and of any portions of the membranes that may have been retained.

 

Arnica has an action on the skin, producing crops of boils all over the body. They begin with soreness and go on to suppuration, and are followed by another crop. It may also be used in boils and abscesses which have partially matured but which instead of discharging, shrivel up by reason of absorption of the contained pus. Arnica given internally and applied externally redevelops the abscess.

 

Further, in connection with the action of Arnica, I would call your attention to the effects of the drug on the gastro-intestinal tract. We find it indicated in dyspepsia, when, after a meal, there is impending apoplectic congestion of the brain with throbbing headache and drowsiness; and also, when there is some difficulty in the digestion of food ; there are foul breath, slimy yellow coating of the tongue, eructation of gas tasting like rotten eggs, tympanitic distension of the abdomen and foul-smelling stools.

 

Arnica may be called for in cholera infantum, diarrhoea, or dysentery ; the stools have a foul odor and are slimy, bloody, and even purulent, and are accompanied by great urging and straining to stool. The dyspeptic symptoms just mentioned will be present, and there are sharp, stitching pains through the abdominal walls. The patient is thirsty, and yet he does not know what he wants to drink.

 

I should like, in closing, to mention the use of Arnica in whooping-cough. It is indicated in children who have a violent tickling cough, which seems to be excited whenever the child becomes angry. The child loses its breath when it cries. Before a paroxysm it begins to cry. Why ? The lungs and trachea are sore. The little sufferer knows What is coming and dreads it; that is the interpretation of the symptom. The expectoration is frothy, slimy, and always mixed with blood.

 

In compression of the brain from apoplectic extravasation of blood,. Arnica may be used when associated with the hemiplegia, there is an aching soreness all over the body. Bed-sores form very readily.

 

 

 

 

LEOPARD'S BANE COMPOSITAE

 

Nervous women, sanguine plethoric persons, lively expression and very red face.

For the bad effects resulting from mechanical injuries; even if received years ago.

Especially adapted to those who remain long impressed by even slight mechanical injuries.

Sore, lame, bruised feeling all through the body, as if beaten; traumatic affections of muscles.

Mechanical injuries, especially with stupor from concussion; involuntary faeces and urine.

After injuries with blunt instruments (Symph.).

Compound fractures and their profuse suppuration (Calend.).

Concussions and contusions, results of shock or injury; without laceration of soft parts; prevents suppuration and septic conditions and promotes absorption.

Nervous, cannot bear pain; whole body over-sensitive (Cham., Cof., Ign.).

 

Everything on which he lies seems too hard; complains constantly of it and keeps moving from place to place in search of a soft spot (the parts rested upon feel sore and bruised, Bap., Pyr.; must move continually to obtain relief from the pain, Rhus).

 

HEAT OF UPPER PART OF BODY; coldness of lower.

The face or head and face alone is hot, the body cool.

Unconsciousness; when spoken to answers correctly, but unconsciousness and delirium at once return (falls asleep in the midst of a sentence, Bap.).

Says there is nothing the matter with him.

Meningitis after mechanical or traumatic injuries; from falls, concussion of brain, etc. When suspecting exudation of blood, to facilitate absorption.

Hydrocephalus; DEATHLY COLDNESS IN FOREARM OF CHILDREN (in diarrhoea, Brom.).

Apoplexy: loss of consciousness, involuntary evacuation from bowels and bladder; in acute attack, controls haemorrhage and aids absorption; should be repeated and allowed to act for days or weeks unless symptoms call for another remedy.

Conjunctival or retinal haemorrhage, with extravasation, from injuries or cough (Led., Nux).

Gout and rheumatism, WITH GREAT FEAR OF BEING TOUCHED OR STRUCK BY PERSONS COMING NEAR HIM.

Cannot walk erect on account of a bruised sort of feeling in pelvic region.

Tendency to small, painful boils, one after another, extremely sore (small boils in crops, Sulph.).

Paralysis (left sided); pulse full, strong; stertor, sighing, muttering.

Belching; eructations; foul, putrid, like rotten eggs.

Dysentery; with ischuria, fruitless urging; LONG INTERVAL BETWEEN THE STOOLS.

Constipation: RECTUM LOADED, faeces will riot come away; ribbon-like stools from enlarged prostate or retroverted uterus.

Soreness of parts after labor; prevents post-partum haemorrhage and puerperal complications.

Retention or incontinence of urine after labor (Op.).

 

 

Relation

Complementary: to, Acon., Hyper., Rhus.

Similar: to, FOR SORENESS AS IF BRUISED, Bap., China. Phyt., Pyr., Rhus, Ruta, Staph.

Arnica follows well: after, Aeon., Apis, Ham., Ipec, Ver.; is followed by Sul. ac.

In ailments from spirituous liquors or from charcoal vapors, Arn. is often indicated (Am. c, Bov.).

In spinal concussion, compare Hyper.

 

 

Aggravation

At rest; when lying down; from wine.

 

 

Amelioration

From contact; motion (Rhus, Ruta).

 

 

 

Bruised, sore feeling all over; bed feels too hard.

Head, or head and face hot; body and extremities cold.

Ecchymoses; as from bruises.

Stupor; answers, then falls back into stupor (fevers).

Taste and eructations and stool like rotten eggs.

Recent and remote affections from injuries, especially contusions or blows.

Haemorrhages, the result of mechanical injuries.

This is the leading remedy for bruises and the results therefrom, and the symptoms—"WEAKNESS, WEARINESS, SENSATION AS OF BEING BRUISED." "Felt as if bruised over the whole body," as found in the provings, explain the reason and the many cures it has made, even in the high and highest potencies, of both acute and chronic affections. The result of trauma is another evidence of the truth of our law of cure. One of the best characteristics

is "EVERYTHING ON WHICH HE LIES seems too hard" (PYROGEN.); he must keep changing his position to get relief. This is because of the sensation of SORENESS AS IF BRUISED ALL OVER.

BAPTISIA has—"Feels as if lying on a board; changes position, bed feels so hard, makes him feel sore and bruised."

PHYTOLACCA has—"Feels sore all over from head to foot; muscles sore and stiff, can hardly move without groaning."

RHUS TOXICOD. has—"SORENESS IN EVERY MUSCLE, WHICH PASSES OFF DURING EXERCISE; FEELS STIFF AND SORE ON FIRST BEGINNING TO MOVE."

RUTA has—"All parts of the body on which he lies are painful as if bruised."

Here are five remedies which seem much alike, and others might be added, like STAPHYSAGRIA, which has— "All the limbs are SORE as if bruised, and as if there were no strength in them," and

CHINA—"HE IS SORE ALL OVER, in the joints, the bones, and the periosteum, as if they had been sprained, like a drawing, tearing, especially in the spine, the sacrum, the knees and thighs." Now to know thus far of these remedies would be of little use for therapeutic purposes, for it would be senseless to prescribe all of these remedies mixed together, and full as much so to prescribe one of them to the exclusion of all the rest without a good reason for so doing. Fortunately there is always a possibility of making choice between them, but it is not always easy. Take, for instance, ARNICA and BAPTISIA. Both have the symptom of SORE BRUISED FEELING. Both have feeling as if the bed were TOO HARD. Both have STUPOR, from which they can be aroused, but fall quickly back into it again. Both have a dark streak running through the tongue.

Both have a DEEP RED FACE, and all these similarities often occur in the course of a typhoid fever. How are we to choose between them ? LOOK FURTHER. If in addition to these symptoms the patient "tosses about the bed, reaching here and there, and in his delirium complaining that he cannot GET HIMSELF TOGETHER," BAPTISIA is the remedy, or if the stool, urine and sweat are EXTREMELY OFFENSIVE, it is BAPTISIA. If the stool and urine are passed unconsciously and there appear suggillations under the skin, ARNICA is the remedy. Now here are only a few of the characteristic differences. There are others, and we must "watch out" for them. It is no harder to choose between these two remedies than it is to choose sometimes between HYOSCYAMUS and OPIUM in the same disease. Here is the place where the old physician might exhort the young as Paul did Timothy. "Study to show thyself approved, # # # a workman that needed not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the truth, etc." Such close prescribing is business of course, and is also successful.

If I came to a case that had the bruised sensation very markedly in connection with a diphtheritic throat I would not give ARNICA, because it does not have that kind of throat; but PHYTOLACCA has, and it has one other symptom of ARNICA, viz.: HEAT AND REDNESS OF HEAD AND FACE, WHILE THE BODY AND LIMBS ARE COOL OR COLD.

I have met many such cases of diphtheria, and if prescribed early PHYTOLACCA cures without the aid of any other remedy. Again if I found a patient with the sore, bruised sensation, who was brought into that condition by getting wet while perspiring, or by lying on damp ground, or between damp sheets, or from a strain of the muscles, RHUS TOXICODENDRON would be the remedy.

If in cases of actual injury I should find the bruise in the periosteum or bone, I should expect more benefit from RUTA, which seems to be better also than RHUS TOX. in one kind of muscular strain, viz., strain of the ciliary muscles. I have often relieved sewing girls or students of pains in the eyes from this cause and have sometimes enabled them to lay off the glasses that had been prescribed by the opticians. It is much better to use this remedy in a weakened power of accommodation than to try and compensate for it with artificial lenses. Of course where the impaired vision is purely optical this cannot be done.

So we might go on to draw the diagnostic symptoms between all the various remedies having a similar symptom if we had time and space. But it would not be the best thing to do, for every physician should get in the habit of doing this for himself.

In addition to all that has been said about the great value of the SORE AS IF bruised sensation of this remedy, it should always be remembered in affections, acute or chronic, which are the RESULT OF TRAUMA. Among these are concussion; fracture of the skull with compression of the brain; headaches of long standing; meningitis; apoplexy; inflammation of the eyes with suggillations, or even retinal haemorrhages, where it expedites the absorption of the blood clots, deafness, epistaxis, newly filled teeth, affections from blows on stomach or other viscera. I once cured a man who had suffered from what he and his physician had called dyspepsia for several years. He had been obliged to give up his business because he could not eat enough to support his strength. He had been told by his physician that he would never be well again and had given up hopes himself. This condition was caused by the kick of a horse upon the region of the stomach. A few doses of ARNICA 200th cured him in a short time and he resumed his business. Now I will conclude ARNICA with a few characteristics that are genuine, and have been, with me, of inestimable value.

"Stupor with involuntary discharge of faeces and urine."

"Fears being struck or touched by those coming towards him."

"Putrid smell from the mouth."

"Offensive eructations or flatus, smelling like rotten eggs."

"Bruised sore feeling in uterine region, cannot walk erect."

"Soreness of parts after labor prevents haemorrhages or pyaemia."

"Cough; child cries before paroxysms, as if sore."

"While answering falls into a deep stupor before finishing."

"Head alone, or face alone, hot, rest of body cool."

"Many small boils, painful, one after another, extremely sore."

"Prevents suppuration and septicaemia and promotes absorption."

ARNICA, although an old remedy, is not so often used as it should be in general practice.

 

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} .block-pricing li:hover .button:hover { background: #bd2626; } .page-content-section .block-pricing .inner { box-shadow: 0 0 0 1px #bd2626; } .block-pricing-2 dt { color: #bd2626; } .block-pricing-2 .price { background: #bd2626; } .block-pricing-2 .button { color: #bd2626; } .block-pricing-2 li:hover .inner { background: #bd2626; } .block-pricing-2 li:hover .button:hover { background: #bd2626; } .block-progress li i { border-color: #bd2626; color: #bd2626; } .block-team-2 .pic:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-team-2 .icons a { color: #bd2626; } .block-team-3 .pic:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-team-3 .icons a { color: #bd2626; } .block-team-3 .info h3 { color: #bd2626; } .block-team-list .pic span:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-team-list .icons a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-team-list .icons a:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-team-list .skills { border-top-color: #bd2626; border-bottom-color: #bd2626; } .block-team-grid .pic:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-skills i:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-skills .bar { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .block-skills-2 i:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-skills-2 .bar { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .block-capabilities h3 { color: #bd2626; } .block-capabilities-2 h3 { color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-posts .info { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-posts-2:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-posts-2 li .button { color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-posts-2 li .button:hover { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-posts-2 .button-more { color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-posts-2 .button-more:hover { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-featured-posts .pic:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-list .link { background: #bd2626; } .block-blog-list .date:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-list .date-alt { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-list .zoom { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-grid .link { background: #bd2626; } .block-blog-grid .date:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-grid .pic:hover .date { color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-grid .zoom { color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-details .date:before, .block-blog-details .reply:before, .block-blog-details .type:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-details .date-alt { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-details .share a:before { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-blog-details .share a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-details .about:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-toolbar .view a:hover { border-color: #bd2626; color: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-toolbar .view .active, .block-catalog-toolbar .view .active:hover { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-toolbar .direction { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-toolbar .direction:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-grid .pic:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-grid .badge { background: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-grid .price { color: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-grid .owl-prev, .block-catalog-grid .owl-next { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-grid .owl-prev:hover, .block-catalog-grid .owl-next:hover { color: #bd2626;; } .block-catalog-list .pic:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-list .badge:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-list .price { color: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-list .owl-prev, .block-catalog-list .owl-next { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-list .owl-prev:hover, .block-catalog-list .owl-next:hover { color: #bd2626;; } .block-product-details .price { color: #bd2626; } .block-product-details .button-alt { color: #bd2626; } .block-product-details-2 .button-alt { color: #bd2626; } .block-product-details-2 .share a:before { background-color: #bd2626; box-shadow: 0 0 0 2px #bd2626; } .block-product-details-2 .share a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-product-info .owl-prev, .block-product-info .owl-next { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .block-product-info .owl-prev:hover, .block-product-info .owl-next:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-product-tabs .head .active { color: #bd2626; } .block-product-tabs .head .active:before { border-top-color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart th { border-top-color: #bd2626; color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart .price { color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart .remove { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart .remove:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart .quantity a { color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart .empty td { border-bottom-color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart-totals dd { color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart-totals .button-alt { color: #bd2626; } .block-checkout-order td:last-child { color: #bd2626; } .block-checkout-payment label { color: #bd2626; } .block-welcome .icons i:after { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-welcome .icons a:hover i { color: #bd2626; } .block-pasteboard:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-pasteboard .icons a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-map-3 .block-head { color: #bd2626; } .block-contacts ul li:after, .block-contacts ul li:before { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .block-contacts ul li:before { background-color: #fff; } .block-contacts ul li span { border-bottom-color: #bd2626; } .block-contacts ul .active { color: #bd2626; } .block-contacts ul .active:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-contacts ol { border-top-color: #bd2626; } .block-contacts ol li { color: #bd2626; } .block-contacts ol li i:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-feedback .message i, .block-feedback-2 .message i { color: #bd2626; } .block-not-found h3 { color: #bd2626; } .block-not-found .pic:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-not-found .pic div:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-not-found-2 .button { color: #bd2626; } .block-not-found-2 .button:hover { background: #bd2626; } .block-coming-soon li:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-coming-soon-2 li:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .widget-categories a:hover, .widget-categories a.active { color: #bd2626; } .widget-top-posts a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .widget-text hr { border-top-color: #bd2626; } .widget-text em { color: #bd2626; } .widget-archive a:hover, .widget-archive a.active { color: #bd2626; } .widget-tags a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .widget-categories-filter a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .widget-categories-filter .active { color: #bd2626; } .widget-categories-filter .active span { background-color: #bd2626; } .widget-price-filter .ui-slider-range { background-color: #bd2626; } .widget-price-filter .ui-slider-handle { background-color: #bd2626; } .widget-color-filter .active:before { border-color: #bd2626; } .widget-top-products .pic i { background-color: #bd2626; } .main-nav ul { background-color: #bd2626; }