Homeopathic treatment of acute otitis media in children: a preliminary randomized placebo-controlled trial.
IACH - Prof. G. Vithoulkas
Homeopathic treatment of acute otitis media in children: a preliminary randomized placebo-controlled trial.
  • Author(s)

    Jacobs J, Springer DA et al.

    Journal

    Pediatric Infectious Diseases Journal, 2001, 20: 177-83.

    Notes

    75 children suffering from acute otitis media were given homeopathic treatment or were given treatment with placebo. On assessment it was found that homeopathy provided an improved outcome from this condition.

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND:

    The use of antibiotics in the initial treatment of acute otitis media is currently being questioned. Homeopathy has been used historically to treat this illness, but there have been no methodologically rigorous trials to determine whether there is a positive treatment effect.

    METHODS:

    A randomized double blind placebo control pilot study was conducted in a private pediatric practice in Seattle, WA. Seventy-five children ages 18 months to 6 years with middle ear effusion and ear pain and/or fever for no more than 36 h were entered into the study. Children received either an individualized homeopathic medicine or a placebo administered orally three times daily for 5 days, or until symptoms subsided, whichever occurred first. Outcome measures included the number of treatment failures after 5 days, 2 weeks and 6 weeks. Diary symptom scores during the first 3 days and middle ear effusion at 2 and 6 weeks after treatment were also evaluated.

    RESULTS:

    There were fewer treatment failures in the group receiving homeopathy after 5 days, 2 weeks and 6 weeks, with differences of 11.4, 18.4 and 19.9%, respectively, but these differences were not statistically significant. Diary scores showed a significant decrease in symptoms at 24 and 64 h after treatment in favor of homeopathy (P < 0.05). Sample size calculations indicate that 243 children in each of 2 groups would be needed for significant results, based on 5-day failure rates.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    These results suggest that a positive treatment effect of homeopathy when compared with placebo in acute otitis media cannot be excluded and that a larger study is justified.

    Category: Human Studies

    External url

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11224838

input:focus, select:focus, textarea:focus { border-color: #bd2626; } a { color: #bd2626; } .radio i, .checkbox i { color: #bd2626; } .radio i:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .button, .btn-default { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .button:hover { color: #bd2626; } .page-header-top { background-color: #bd2626; } .page-header-bottom-alt { background-color: #bd2626; } .page-intro:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .page-intro:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .page-content-section-bg { background-color: #bd2626; } .page-content-section-bg:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .page-content-section-border { border-top-color: #bd2626; } .page-footer { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-head-1 { border-bottom-color: #bd2626; } .block-head-1 i { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-head-2:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-head-2 i:after, .block-head-2 i:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-head-3 { border-bottom-color: #bd2626; } .block-head-3 i:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-head-4:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-head-7 { border-bottom-color: #bd2626; } .block-head-7:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .page-content-section-bg .block-head-3 i { color: #bd2626; } .main-search button { color: #bd2626; } .main-search button:after { background: #bd2626; } .main-nav li a { color: #bd2626; } .main-nav li a:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .main-nav li ul { background-color: #bd2626; } .main-nav li li:hover > a, .main-nav li li.active > a, #block-newsletter-newsletter-subscribe .form-submit:hover, .block-product-details .add-wishlist .button-alt:hover, .block-product-details-2 .add-wishlist .button-alt:hover { color: #bd2626; } .main-nav .switcher { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .main-nav .mega > div { background-color: #bd2626; } #block-newsletter-newsletter-subscribe .form-submit, .btn-primary:hover, .btn-primary:focus, .btn-primary:active { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .art-portfolio ol li.active, .ui-slider-horizontal .ui-slider-handle, .ui-slider-horizontal .ui-slider-range, .btn-primary.link { background-color: #bd2626; } .btn-primary, .button:hover, .btn-default:hover, .btn-default:focus, .btn-default:active { border-color: #bd2626; color: #bd2626; } .btn-primary.link:hover, .btn-primary.link:focus, .btn-primary.link:active { color: #bd2626; } } @media screen and (max-width: 767px) { /* phone */ .main-nav ul { background-color: #bd2626; } .main-nav li a { color: #ecf0f1; } .main-nav li ul { background: #e9e9e9; } .main-nav li li { border-top-color: #bd2626; } .main-nav li li a { color: #bd2626; } .main-nav li li a:hover { background-color: #bd2626; color: #fff; } .main-nav li li ul { border-top-color: #bd2626; } .main-nav .mega ul li { border-top-color: #bd2626; } } .slider-revolution .fa:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .slider-revolution .title { border-top-color: 1px solid #bd2626; border-bottom-color: 1px solid #bd2626; } .slider-revolution .button-my { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .slider-revolution .button-my:hover { color: #bd2626; } .pagination-1 a:hover { border-color: #bd2626; color: #bd2626; } .pagination-1 .active, .pagination-1 .active:hover { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .pagination-2 a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .pagination-2 .active, .pagination-2 .active:hover { background: #bd2626; } .pagination-3 a:before { box-shadow: inset 0 0 0 1px #bd2626; } .pagination-3 .active:before, .pagination-3 .active:hover:before { background: #bd2626; } .pagination-4 a:hover { border-color: #bd2626; } .pagination-4 .active { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .pagination-5 a { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; color: #bd2626; } .block-benefits div:hover { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .block-benefits i { color: #bd2626; } .block-benefits-2 li i { color: #bd2626; } .block-benefits-2 .tabs a:hover { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .block-benefits-2 .tabs .active a, .block-benefits-2 .tabs .active a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-benefits-3 i { color: #bd2626; } .block-about .button { border-color: #bd2626; color: #bd2626; } .block-about .button:hover { background: #bd2626; color: #ecf0f1; } .block-about .owl-prev:hover, .block-about .owl-next:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-about-2 .bar { background: #bd2626; } .block-about-2 .value { color: #bd2626; } .block-about-4 .owl-pagination div { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-about-5 .owl-prev, .block-about-5 .owl-next { display: inline-block; border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .block-about-5 .owl-prev:hover, .block-about-5 .owl-next:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-about-6 .icons a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-mission .year { background: #bd2626; } .block-mission .years a:after { border-bottom-color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-works ol li:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-works ol .active { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-recent-works .description { background: #bd2626; } .block-recent-works .description:before { border-right-color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-works-3 h3 { border-top-color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-works-3 .link { border-color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-works-3 .fancybox { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-works-3 .owl-pagination div { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-recent-works-4:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-recent-works-4 .fancybox { background: #bd2626; } .block-recent-works-4 .owl-prev:hover, .block-recent-works-4 .owl-next:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-works-6 a:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-recent-works-6 .owl-prev, .block-recent-works-6 .owl-next { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-recent-works-6 .owl-prev:hover, .block-recent-works-6 .owl-next:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio ol li:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio ol li.active { border-bottom-color: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio ul .pic span:after, .block-portfolio ul .pic span:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio ul .pic span i { color: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-2 ol li:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-2 ol li.active { background: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-2 ul .pic:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-2 ul .pic a { background: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-2 ul .pic a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-3 ol li:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-3 ol li.active { background: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-4 h3 { border-top-color: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-4 .link { border-color: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-4 .fancybox { background: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-5 ol li:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-5 ol li.active { background: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-5 .info:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-6 ol li:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-6 ol li.active { background: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-6 ul a:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-7 ol li:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-7 ol li.active { background: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-7 ul li:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-7 ul a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-8 li div:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-portfolio-8 li a { background: #bd2626; } .block-clients .owl-prev, .block-clients .owl-next { color: #bd2626; } .block-testimonials-3 .carousel h3 { border-bottom-color: #bd2626; } .block-testimonials-3 .owl-pagination div { border-color: #bd2626; } .block-testimonials-3 .owl-pagination .active { background: #bd2626; } .block-testimonials-4 .owl-prev, .block-testimonials-4 .owl-next { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-testimonials-4 .owl-prev:hover, .block-testimonials-4 .owl-next:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-services li a { border-color: #bd2626; } .block-services li a:hover { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-services-2 li a:hover { background: none; } .block-services-2 li a:after { box-shadow: inset 0 0 0 2px #bd2626; } .block-services-2 li a:hover:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-services-3 li a:hover { background: none; } .block-services-3 li a:after { box-shadow: inset 0 0 0 2px #bd2626; } .block-services-3 li a:before { background: #bd2626; box-shadow: inset 0 0 0 2px #bd2626; } .block-services-3 li a:hover:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-services-4 li a { border-color: #bd2626; } .block-services-4 li a:hover { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-services-5 li i { color: #bd2626; } .block-services-5 li i:hover { background: #bd2626; } .block-services-6 h3 span { color: #bd2626; } .block-services-6 li a { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-services-6 li a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-services-7 .info i { background: #bd2626; } .block-services-7 .carousel .active { background: #bd2626; } .block-services-7 .carousel .owl-prev, .block-services-7 .carousel .owl-next { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-services-7 .carousel .owl-prev:hover, .block-services-7 .carousel .owl-next:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-pricing dt { color: #bd2626; } .block-pricing .price:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-pricing li:hover .inner { background: #bd2626; } .block-pricing li:hover .button { color: #bd2626; } .block-pricing li:hover .button:hover { background: #bd2626; } .page-content-section .block-pricing .inner { box-shadow: 0 0 0 1px #bd2626; } .block-pricing-2 dt { color: #bd2626; } .block-pricing-2 .price { background: #bd2626; } .block-pricing-2 .button { color: #bd2626; } .block-pricing-2 li:hover .inner { background: #bd2626; } .block-pricing-2 li:hover .button:hover { background: #bd2626; } .block-progress li i { border-color: #bd2626; color: #bd2626; } .block-team-2 .pic:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-team-2 .icons a { color: #bd2626; } .block-team-3 .pic:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-team-3 .icons a { color: #bd2626; } .block-team-3 .info h3 { color: #bd2626; } .block-team-list .pic span:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-team-list .icons a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-team-list .icons a:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-team-list .skills { border-top-color: #bd2626; border-bottom-color: #bd2626; } .block-team-grid .pic:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-skills i:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-skills .bar { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .block-skills-2 i:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-skills-2 .bar { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .block-capabilities h3 { color: #bd2626; } .block-capabilities-2 h3 { color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-posts .info { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-posts-2:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-posts-2 li .button { color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-posts-2 li .button:hover { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-posts-2 .button-more { color: #bd2626; } .block-recent-posts-2 .button-more:hover { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-featured-posts .pic:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-list .link { background: #bd2626; } .block-blog-list .date:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-list .date-alt { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-list .zoom { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-grid .link { background: #bd2626; } .block-blog-grid .date:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-grid .pic:hover .date { color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-grid .zoom { color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-details .date:before, .block-blog-details .reply:before, .block-blog-details .type:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-details .date-alt { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-details .share a:before { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-blog-details .share a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-blog-details .about:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-toolbar .view a:hover { border-color: #bd2626; color: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-toolbar .view .active, .block-catalog-toolbar .view .active:hover { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-toolbar .direction { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-toolbar .direction:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-grid .pic:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-grid .badge { background: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-grid .price { color: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-grid .owl-prev, .block-catalog-grid .owl-next { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-grid .owl-prev:hover, .block-catalog-grid .owl-next:hover { color: #bd2626;; } .block-catalog-list .pic:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-list .badge:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-list .price { color: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-list .owl-prev, .block-catalog-list .owl-next { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .block-catalog-list .owl-prev:hover, .block-catalog-list .owl-next:hover { color: #bd2626;; } .block-product-details .price { color: #bd2626; } .block-product-details .button-alt { color: #bd2626; } .block-product-details-2 .button-alt { color: #bd2626; } .block-product-details-2 .share a:before { background-color: #bd2626; box-shadow: 0 0 0 2px #bd2626; } .block-product-details-2 .share a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-product-info .owl-prev, .block-product-info .owl-next { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .block-product-info .owl-prev:hover, .block-product-info .owl-next:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-product-tabs .head .active { color: #bd2626; } .block-product-tabs .head .active:before { border-top-color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart th { border-top-color: #bd2626; color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart .price { color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart .remove { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart .remove:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart .quantity a { color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart .empty td { border-bottom-color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart-totals dd { color: #bd2626; } .block-shopping-cart-totals .button-alt { color: #bd2626; } .block-checkout-order td:last-child { color: #bd2626; } .block-checkout-payment label { color: #bd2626; } .block-welcome .icons i:after { border-color: #bd2626; background: #bd2626; } .block-welcome .icons a:hover i { color: #bd2626; } .block-pasteboard:before { background: #bd2626; } .block-pasteboard .icons a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .block-map-3 .block-head { color: #bd2626; } .block-contacts ul li:after, .block-contacts ul li:before { border-color: #bd2626; background-color: #bd2626; } .block-contacts ul li:before { background-color: #fff; } .block-contacts ul li span { border-bottom-color: #bd2626; } .block-contacts ul .active { color: #bd2626; } .block-contacts ul .active:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-contacts ol { border-top-color: #bd2626; } .block-contacts ol li { color: #bd2626; } .block-contacts ol li i:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-feedback .message i, .block-feedback-2 .message i { color: #bd2626; } .block-not-found h3 { color: #bd2626; } .block-not-found .pic:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-not-found .pic div:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-not-found-2 .button { color: #bd2626; } .block-not-found-2 .button:hover { background: #bd2626; } .block-coming-soon li:before { background-color: #bd2626; } .block-coming-soon-2 li:after { background-color: #bd2626; } .widget-categories a:hover, .widget-categories a.active { color: #bd2626; } .widget-top-posts a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .widget-text hr { border-top-color: #bd2626; } .widget-text em { color: #bd2626; } .widget-archive a:hover, .widget-archive a.active { color: #bd2626; } .widget-tags a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .widget-categories-filter a:hover { color: #bd2626; } .widget-categories-filter .active { color: #bd2626; } .widget-categories-filter .active span { background-color: #bd2626; } .widget-price-filter .ui-slider-range { background-color: #bd2626; } .widget-price-filter .ui-slider-handle { background-color: #bd2626; } .widget-color-filter .active:before { border-color: #bd2626; } .widget-top-products .pic i { background-color: #bd2626; } .main-nav ul { background-color: #bd2626; }