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Materia Medica by Allen



OPIUM

(op)

POPPY PAPAVERACEAE

Especially adapted to children and old people; diseases of first and second childhood (Bar. c, Mill.), persons with light hair, lax muscles, and want of bodily irritability.

Want of susceptibility to remedies; lack of vital reaction, the well chosen remedy makes no impression (Carbo v., Laur., Val.).

Ailments: with insensibility and partial or complete paralysis; that originate FROM FRIGHT, bad effects of, the fear still remaining (Acon., Hyos.) ; from charcoal vapors ; from inhaling gas; of drunkards.

All complaints: with great sopor; painless, complains of nothing; wants nothing.

Spasms: of children, from approach of strangers; from nursing after fright of mother (Hyos. — after anger of mother, Cham., Nux) ; from crying; eyes half open and upturned.

Screaming before or during a spasm (Apis, Hell.). Deep stertorous respiration both on inhalation and exhalation.

Delirium: constantly talking: eyes wide open, face red, puffed; or unconscious, eyes glassy, half-closed, face pale, deep coma; preceded by stupor.

Thinks she is not at home (Bry.) ; this is continually in her mind.

Picking of bed clothes during sleep (while awake, Bell., Hyos.).

Delirium tremens: in old emaciated persons; bloated face, stupor, eyes burning, hot dry; with loud snoring.

Sleep: heavy, stupid; with stertorous breathing, RED FACE, EYES HALF-CLOSED, blood-shot; SKIN COVERED WITH HOT SWEAT; after convulsions.

Sleepy, but cannot sleep (Bell., Cham.), sleeplessness with acuteness of hearing, clock striking and cocks crowing at a great distance keep her awake.

Loss of breath on falling asleep (Grind., Lach.).

BED FEELS SO HOT SHE CANNOT LIE ON IT (bed feels hard, Arn., Bry., Pry.) ; moves often in search of a cool place; must be uncovered.

Digestive organs inactive: peristaltic motion reversed or paralyzed; bowels seem closed.

Constipation: of children; of corpulent, good-natured women (Graph.) ; from inaction or paresis, no desire; from lead poisoning; stool hard, round, black balls (Chel., Plumb., Thuja) ; faeces protrude and recede (Si!., Thuja).

Stool: involuntary, especially after fright (Gels.) ; BLACK AND OFFENSIVE; FROM PARALYSIS OF SPHINCTER.

Urine: retained, with bladder full; retention, post-partum or from excessive use of tobacco; in nursing children, after passion of nurse; in fever or acute illness ; paralysis of bladder or sphincter.

(In stramonium we have suppression; while in Opium the secretion in not diminished, the bladder is full but fullness is unrecognized.)

Opium renders the intestines so sluggish that the most active purgatives lose their power. — HERING.

Persistent diarrhoea in those treated with large doses of the drug. — LIPPE.

Sudden retrocession of acute exanthema results in paralysis of brain or convulsions (Zinc).

Marasmus; child with wrinkled skin, looks like a little dried up old man (Abrot).

 

Relations
Antidotes, for poisonous doses: strong coffee, Nux, Kali per. and constant motion.

When symptoms correspond, the potencies may antidote bad effects of Opium drugging.

Compare: Apis, Bell., Hyos., Stram. and Zinc.

 

Aggravation
During and after sleep (Apis, Lach.); while perspiring; from warmth; stimulants.

 

Amelioration
From cold; constant walking.