|Belladona - Generalities|
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Belladona - GeneralitiesIndex
1. Belladona - The Essential Homeopathic Features
2. Belladona - Generalities
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GeneralitiesThe complaints of Belladonna usually come on suddenly and subside suddenly. This is a general rule but not, of course, without exceptions. Burning heat, bright redness especially of the head and dryness of the skin are very marked in almost all the acute cases. Hot head with cold extremities in all kinds of acute or chronic ailments, whether there is a fever or not, constitutes the main key-note for Belladonna. Hot body, hot parts - especially the head - and hot discharges are key-notes.
Stupor interrupted by screaming is a key-note as also stupor with twitching of limbs.
Pulsations are felt all over, in the head, chest, throat etc. The whole body throbs.
Any kind of sudden jar can be unbearable to these patients, in both acute and chronic conditions. Belladonna is the main remedy in conditions which are aggravated from a jar. Every jar, turning or movement of body increases the pain; the patient therefore lies immovably on his back.
Another general characteristic of Belladonna is that it is worse on lying down. This refers to headache and all kinds of inflammatory infections.
Belladonna symptoms are frequently right-sided: right-sided headaches, sinusitis, ovarian pains and even right-sided convulsions. Once the pathology begins, any kind of strong stimulus can disturb these patients; they often want to lie down in a dark, quiet room, usually lying on the abdomen; light bothers them.
The Belladonna convulsions come on from a reflected light, from a mirror, from water, or after mental exertion. The convulsions are accompanied by coldness of feet and hot head, and by stretching out parts of limbs before and during convulsions. The patient throws his body forward and backward while lying, with constant change from emprosthotonos to opisthotonos.
Tetanus, trismus, and eclampsia.
The inflamed parts, and very commonly the skin, are very red, but as the inflammation advances they become dusky. Belladonna can have inflammations anywhere: inflammation of nerves (neuritis); inflammation of the marrow of bones (osteomyelitis); inflammation of bursae (bursitis); inflammation of cartilages (chondritis, perichondritis) and inflammation of muscles (myositis) and all these inflammations come on suddenly.
Made worse in all complaints from motion; motion brings on convulsions, motion brings on pain, motion increases the action of the heart and brings on throbbing, motion brings on many complaints and increases the suffering.
Belladonna's influence is felt more in intelligent and plethoric persons who are jovial and entertaining when well, but violent when sick. It is therefore a great children's remedy.
The clinical application of Belladonna is so broad that one can say that it encompasses all disease-conditions and can be prescribed in all of them once the main characteristics of the remedy are present. Some pathological conditions for which Belladonna must be cosidered:
Useful primarily in chronic headaches.
The Belladonna fever is very high, you will seldom see a patient running a low fever, and it is remittent, not continued. Belladonna can almost be considered a specific for scarlet fever and traumatic erysipelas.
VertigoSometimes vertigo is seen which comes on quite suddenly even though the patient is sitting still. He may feel that he is about to fall over and is only relieved by jumping up and moving around vigorously. This type of attack is often attended by heat throughout the body and tachycardia. Belladonna is also indicated in patients who are prone to motion sickness when riding in a car.
One of the main remedies in Meniere's disease.
Vertigo when stooping, or when rising after stooping, in the act of lying down.
Vertigo while lying, as if feet were going up, or as if feet were sinking down through or with the bed.
The vertigo is frequently aggravated by moving the head or, even more often, by turning from one side to the other in bed; patients may even become fearful of turning over in bed because of this aggravation.
Vertigo, mostly at night or when getting up in the morning, also when walking, and on every change of position.
Vertigo that makes him feel as if he were bouncing up and down in bed.
Vertigo with dilated pupils.
Vertigo from motion of eyes. Sensation as if rocking.
Vertigo in sunlight and heat.
Vertigo, with perceptible pulsation in the head, with dilated pupils and nausea.
To summarise we can say that Belladonna produces all varieties of vertigo; perhaps as many as one quarter of all cases of vertigo will require Belladonna.
HeadVery frequently the symptomatology of Belladonna is focused from the cervical region upwards. Perhaps fifty percent of all Belladonna chronic cases involve long-term headaches. Some statistics suggest that a great number of migraine headaches may require Belladonna as a constitutional prescription. Generally, Belladonna produces headaches of vascular origin, but one frequently sees a hormonal component as well, such as migraine occurring in relation to the menstrual cycle or after an abortion or hysterectomy-oophorectomy.
Headaches may also arise from abnormal cervical spine curvature or misalignment. The headaches are of various types and may vary even in one individual case. For example, a patient may complain of frequent, minor headaches which are punctuated once a month by severe headaches which drive her to bed.
Classically the headaches begin at three p.m.; however, it is even more common to find headaches which originate at eleven a.m. to noon and which then peak at three p.m. or between two and three p.m. Very frequently the headaches may last for long periods of time; e.g., twelve or even twenty-four to forty-eight hours.
Probably the most common headache is pulsating and pounding in quality, but one also sees headaches which are felt 'as if a knife were being driven into the head.' The patient may describe a sensation as if he were being struck by a hammer in one single spot. The common element is the severity of the pain, for Belladonna headaches are the most intense in the whole of our materia medica. The patient may say that the pain is 'maddening', as if the pain will drive him mad, or he may say that the pain is so intense that, "I don't feel my head anymore." Frequently the pain is severe enough to provoke nausea and vomiting. When the headache finally subsides, it leaves the patient exhausted. Another type of Belladonna headache can be related to high blood pressure.
Here the patient may describe a sense of pressure arising from inside the head, as if the head would burst open or as if the eyes would 'pop out'. The patient presents with a red, congested face, engorged blood vessels and headache. This presentation may occur during a full-blown hypertensive crisis, accompanied by hypertensive retinopathy and papilloedema; consequently, it is imperative to monitor the blood pressure in such cases. The headaches often originate in the cervical region or the occiput. Though not mentioned in the Repertory, there are headaches starting in the occiput and radiating anteriorly which are provoked by changes in the weather. These headaches may also be located in the temples or the forehead, especially the right temple or just above the right eyebrow.
As previously stated, with the headache the patient usually wants to lie down, usually on his abdomen, in a dark, quiet room. Loud noises, light and sudden jars cause a marked aggravation of the pain. Even the jar of each step while walking can be unbearable. Also, any kind of excitement or emotional stress may precipitate or aggravate the crisis. There can also be an aggravation from stooping forward. The headaches are worse from the sun and from the heat. Sometimes during the headaches the congestion in the head is so intense that the patient may feel that he actually has a fever. He wants cold applications or even ice on the head for relief. He may also find relief from hard pressure and from binding the head very tightly. In general, the patient is better during cloudy or rainy weather; he has far fewer headaches in such weather.
Finally, Belladonna headaches may be triggered by the following: eating acid food; suppressing a catarrh; during dentition; after nursing; smoking tobacco. The headache may be accompanied by a desire for lemonade. The headaches are like many of the other pains; it feels as if the brain was going up and down, tearing and burning at every step he takes, and from every motion of the eyes, or turning of eyeballs, or going up stairs, rising from his seat, or sitting down; all motion creates violent pains; feels as if the head would burst, as if the eyes would be pressed out.
Other head symptoms for Belladonna include: Sensation as if skull were as thin as paper; as if the skull were transparent.
EyesThe eyes of the Belladonna patient easily become red and bloodshot, often without any inflammation and with little or no irritation.
During a fever the eyes are glistening, sparkling or may become almost dark red.
There may be ecchymosis from coughing.
Redness of eye during headache or menses is characteristic of Belladonna. Erysipelatous inflammation of eye.
Belladonna is especially indicated in hyperaemia of optic nerve and retina, if dependent upon cerebral congestion and accompanied by aching pain in eye, aggravated by any light.
Scrofulous ophthalmia: cannot bear artificial light; abundant flow of hot tears.
Blueness of conjunctiva.
Conjunctivitis with dryness of eyes, thickened red lids, and burning pains in eye.
Chronic keratitis, when suddenly the eye becomes intensely congested, with heat, photophobia; pains often sharp, shooting through ball to back of head.
Apoplexy of retina, with suppression of menstruation.
Ciliary neuralgia appearing and disappearing suddenly.
Violent pain deep in eyes aggravated by movement, but particularly by light.
Severe pains of glaucoma.
Belladonna may be indicated in cases of strabismus due to spasmodic action of muscles, or when resulting from brain infection.
Belladonna is one of our most important remedies for photophobia, possibly because of the well-known effect of mydriasis.
Photophobia during chill; during rage.
Wild look during meningeal inflammation.
Staring look during headache.
Looking steadily upward aggravates.
Eye turned inward; turned outward.
Pulsation in eyes.
Sensation of eyes being smaller.
Sensation of rough cornea on winking.
Visions on closing eyes.
On closing eyes for sleep a sudden shock runs through body from below up.
Lachrymation with pain in face.
Lachrymation on side affected by headache.
Very salty tears.
Sensitiveness of the eye.
Pupils dilated during headache, during heat, during epilepsy, during perspiration and in general in many disturbances requiring this remedy.
Pupils dilated and immovable.
Protruded eyes with dilated pupils.
Pupils contracted with headache, during chill, during heat, during perspiration.
Spasmodic motion of eyes.
Eyes are in constant motion, pupils extremely dilated.
Constant, convulsive movement of eyeballs, aggravated by light.
Diplopia with convulsions.
Diplopia during pregnancy, after vertigo.
Amblyopia caused by stoppage of menses; veil before sight; chromopsia; dilated pupils and stitching in right eye.
Everything he looks at seems red.
Flickering before eyes; sparks, or dimness of vision.
Outlines of objects are blurred and indistinct.
Visions of snow flakes.
When reading, lines appear crooked.
Weakness of sight in the light.
Partial blindness, cannot read anything printed.
Vision obscured as from a white vapour.
Dimness of vision, or actual blindness.
Dim vision after dinner.
Loss of vision in the evening at sunset, on waking in the morning.
Blindness following severe congestive headaches, after scarlet fever.
Complete amaurosis caused by a severe nervous fever, or from large amounts of quinine.
Amaurosis from a cold, with much vertigo; pressing pain and feeling of fullness
in eyeballs; black spots before eyes; increased pain by candlelight, and much congestion of vessels.
Amaurosis of four years' duration, occurring after suppression of rash in scarlatina; only a perception of light remained; pupils dilated.
Falling of lids in the morning after waking.
Styes on upper lid.
Ulceration of lids under surfaces.
Painful quivering of lids.
In blepharitis, lids are painful and swollen like erysipelas.
There is a tendency for oedema and swelling of the lower eyelids, and one frequently sees this swelling as part of the aggravating response to the administration of the remedy.
EarsThe almost absolute deafness seen in cases of Belladonna poisoning is indicative of the ability of this remedy to cure similar conditions. Belladonna is frequently indicated in acute or recurrent otitis media, especially right-sided otitis media. Here one finds a sudden onset of the infection with pulsating, throbbing pain or tearing stitching pains with the general modalities of the remedy. A peculiarity is that the pain from the ears extends everywhere: to chest, to face, to forehead, to occiput, to teeth but mostly downward to neck. The infection can be accompanied by ringing or roaring in the ears. The earache is worse from least noise. As mentioned, Belladonna can be indicated in Meniere's syndrome with vertigo and tinnitus, with or without a middle ear infection.
Ear sensitive to wind; sensation of wind in ear. Heat inside ear. Heat of ear during chill. Discharges of blood from ear during cough. Sensation of distension of ear. Belladonna has a great variety of noises in ear. These include: Roaring, ringing, tingling, murmuring; fluttering sounds in the morning; humming noises in ear aggravated while sitting; humming in ear with vertigo; warbling of birds in ear. Noises in ear are heard while sitting and on waking; ameliorated while lying, while standing, while walking. Hearing is impaired after hiccup, after scarlet fever. Deafness as if a skin were drawn over ears. Hardness of hearing, owing to having caught cold. Partial deafness. Acute hearing during heat. Acute hearing during perspiration.
NoseBelladonna is an important remedy in sinusitis. The sinusitis can involve either the frontal or maxillary sinuses. In Belladonna one finds a very troublesome maxillary or frontal sinusitis with heaviness and marked tenderness to light touch but relief from hard pressure. Every time the patient stoops forward the pain intensifies, and the patient experiences a sense of stuffiness of the sinuses. There is dryness of all the mucous membranes and great dryness of the nose.
Frequent dry sneezing, with tickling, especially in left nostril. Tendency for epistaxis, especially nosebleeds which occur at night while asleep. Nosebleed with congestion to head; in children at night. At other times the nosebleeds occur as part of a typical syndrome; red face, injected eyes and hypertension. Epistaxis may also occur with vertigo; with numbness of nose. Sneezing after coughing. After suppressed catarrh, maddening headache. Inflammatory swelling and redness of internal and external nose. Inflammation of nose in alcoholics. Pain, as if bruised, when touching nose. Cramp at root of nose. Sudden redness of tip of nose, with burning sensation. Tip of nose red, swollen and shining, feels that with every step the tip of the nose will fall off.
FaceThe typical Belladonna face is red, shiny, glowing, dry and hot. The expression is often one of astonishment or fright, and may sometimes be wild or fierce. The face may equally be pale with sudden alternation to a red hue. There may be bluish discolouration during maniacal rage, or mottled discolouration with pale spots in face.
Belladonna is one of the main remedies for flushing of the face. This symptom can appear independently or it may be associated with other complaints such as headache, vertigo, toothache, hypertension, etc. Of course, one of the most famous symptoms of Belladonna is a hot, flushed face with cold extremities.
The flushing can cause confusion with other remedies such as Pulsatilla, especially with the timid type of Belladonna patient sometimes encountered. Also, it may resemble Lachesis, especially because Belladonna may also have an intolerance to tight clothing around the neck and because both remedies can have complaints around the time of the menses.
In general, one can see great sensitivity of the face in the Belladonna patient. In some cases one finds a marked aversion to having the face touched, not from a specific inflammation but simply because of a general sensitiveness, much like Chamomilla.
Abscesses, acne and erysipelas are the most frequent skin conditions on the face. Belladonna produces a malignant type of acne of the face and sometimes of the back. The skin becomes very red, and the pimples themselves are huge, almost small boils. When the lesions heal, they frequently leave scars on the face. The whole condition can be aggravated by heat, but an even more pronounced aggravation is caused by sunlight.
The Belladonna smallpox eruption on the face is characterised by intense pricking like a thousand needles, ameliorated by compresses dipped in boiling hot water and changed every few minutes. Eruptions may appear at the right hand corner of the mouth and inside the left side of the nose. There may be boils at margins of hair, or abscesses on upper lip. The face may have unusually thick skin.
Other conditions which may require Belladonna are:
Right sided trigeminal neuralgia with aggravation from cold applications; the condition increases gradually and ceases suddenly, or comes and goes suddenly.
MouthThe lips and mucous membrane of mouth, fauces and nose are very hot and dry.
The mouth is exceedingly dry without thirst.
The dryness is almost beyond relief.
Dryness of mouth and pharynx, with a sense of constriction of the throat.
Troublesome, continued dryness of the mouth, lips, and throat, with a violent longing for drink, but not satisfied by drink.
Mouth feels scalded; feels hot.
Bloody frothy foam from mouth.
Frothy foam from mouth with odour of rotten eggs.
Sensation as if mouth were enlarged.
Gums - Extremely troublesome itching of gums, with pain in throat.
Taste - salty; sour; bitter; offensive.
Speech - Hasty speech; often inarticulate, confused sounds.
Tongue - Paralytic weakness of internal parts of mouth.
Saliva - Salivation succeeding dryness of mouth.
Teeth - Grinding of teeth.
ThroatBelladonna has all manner of pharyngeal and tonsillar inflammations, often as a consequence of exposure to cold or to draughts. In fact, Belladonna is probably the most frequently indicated remedy for acute suppurative tonsillitis; perhaps thirty percent of these cases require Belladonna.
The intolerance to tight collars of Belladonna has been mentioned; a subtle distinction between this intolerance and that of Lachesis is that Lachesis has a sense of constriction that is largely of psychological origin. Belladonna patients have this aversion to tight collars because of the increased heat and congestion of the head which they induce. However, Belladonna does not have a sensitivity to tight clothes in other parts of the body such as the waist as does Lachesis.
StomachThe pains of the stomach often radiate to the back, especially between the shoulder blades. The pain is aggravated by touch or local pressure; however, bending forward gives some relief. There may be stomach pain around the time of the menses.
The food cravings of Belladonna are for vegetables, sour things and sweets, but most characteristically for lemons and lemonade. Desire for lemons is perhaps the most important food preference; even in acute cases one can witness a craving for lemonade. One sees aversion to fat, fruit, fish, and beans or peas but strong desire for bread and butter. Also, one may see an aversion to sour, sweets and vegetables as opposed to a desire for these substances. Generally Belladonna is considered a thirstless remedy; one can, though, see very great thirst. There is also an aversion to warm drinks. During the crises, Belladonna pains can be so severe as to cause vomiting. Thus, one frequently sees violent right-sided migraine headaches with vomiting [Sanguinaria]. The differentiation from Sanguinaria rests in the fact that vomiting affords no relief in Belladonna, while marked relief from vomiting occurs in Sanguinaria.
Food and Drink - Belladonna is sensitive to food intake and patients often find their condition ameliorated by eating. The following particularities can be found:
Hiccup, Eructations, Nausea and Vomiting.
AbdomenIt would appear that Belladonna is indicated in perhaps five percent of cases of acute appendicitis. The attacks begin abruptly. As in most Belladonna complaints, there is aggravation from touch (local pressure) and/or from a jar. However, generalised pressure on the abdomen may often ameliorate the pain; consequently, lying on the abdomen or bending forward will relieve, but local pressure will aggravate it. The patient is unable to even lie on his right side during the attack of appendicitis or cholecystitis.
Belladonna will be the remedy to be thought of in the following cases: Peritonitis, inflammation of liver or gall bladder, spastic colitis, intussusception, inflammation of inguinal hernia with vomiting, strangulated inguinal hernia, inflammation of inguinal glands, typhlitis, acute and chronic hepatitis.
Of course, Belladonna is well-known as a remedy for colitis. In colitis there is a striking tendency for complaints to affect the transverse colon, and sometimes spasms in this region will be visibly reflected in motions of the abdominal wall. I once saw a striking example of this phenomenon in an infant with intussusception. There was complete bowel obstruction, and upright abdominal X-rays showed air-fluid levels. I examined the child and saw that the face was hot and flushed. The hands, however, were quite cold.
Then I noticed spasms travelling in ripples (that were visible in the abdomen) across the transverse colon. We scrambled to find a dose of Belladonna. Meanwhile the child was being prepared for immediate surgery. We gave a dose of Belladonna 10M, and within forty minutes the child passed some stool and repeat X-rays showed resolution of the condition. Of course, the colitis pains are ameliorated by bending forward or lying on the abdomen.
The modalities of the pains in the abdomen have all the general characteristics of the remedy. They are violent, aggravated by slightest pressure, by touch, even the touch from clothes, by a jar, by sneezing, by lying on painful side, by motion.
RectumAlthough it is not mentioned anywhere in the Repertory, Belladonna is one of our best remedies for chronic, obstinate constipation. Belladonna, in my experience, cures more cases of constipation than Silica or Alumina, although the Belladonna constipation is of a much milder variety than the other two. It seems that there is a dryness of the rectum, as in all of the mucous membranes, which may cause this constipation. There is no urge for stool and the rectum is stopped-up: both constant features of the chronic cases. Patients suffer with pains in abdomen, especially on straining. The constipation may be associated with headaches and congestion of the head which are aggravated if there is no defecation. The passage is perceptibly retarded.
Belladonna is also a very useful remedy for treating haemorrhoids. The veins are red, swollen, bleeding and very sensitive to touch. In these patients one can see a marked irritability after stool. The symptoms are similar to those of Aesculus: bleeding piles and back pains associated with them as if the back were breaking.
Urinary organsBelladonna is indicated in children with enuresis. Most of the urine seems to be produced at night in bed during deep sleep. As a consequence, the Belladonna child is unaware of his incontinence and cannot be made to wake up. The parents will often explain how they wake up before the child loses his urine and try to waken the child to go to the toilet. When this proves to be impossible, the child has to be carried half asleep in their arms where they manage to make him urinate but without really waking the child. Retention of urine in children
Belladonna is indicated in acute prostatitis where there is long hesitation before urination. It is also indicated in cases where there is very frequent desire to urinate, even if only a few drops have accumulated. Urination is difficult and retarded, the patient must wait for urine to start, then press.
Genitalia - maleOne must not be fooled by the great vitality and plethora of Belladonna into assuming that the sexual drive in this remedy is very strong. Instead Belladonna patients generally have average or medium-range desire; healthy and balanced.
Yet when this sphere has been affected or if they are in a manic state, desire can be tremendously increased and lead to frequent masturbation, exhibitionism and copious seminal emissions.
Pimples on penis.
Vesicles on scrotum.
Pubic hair falling out.
Heat in penis.
Cutting or drawing pain in spermatic cord during urination.
Pressing pain in male genitalia alternating with contraction of anus.
Genitalia - femaleIn the Belladonna female the desire for sexual contact may be greatly increased, and there is often an obsession with being married. Desire is increased before menses and during pregnancy. As has been mentioned, many of the complaints of Belladonna are aggravated around the time of the menses. Inflammations and abscesses of ovaries, especially of right ovary. Enlarged ovaries. Pains in the ovaries have the tendency to extend backwards and present the general modalities of the remedy: aggravated by jarring, by stepping, by motion, by sneezing etc.; they occur mostly before menses.
Intermittent pain in ovaries.
Endometriosis with a feeling of congestion of uterus.
At every step violent shootings in the genital region.
Pain in uterus ameliorated during menses.
Pain in uterus aggravated by motion; by walking.
Paroxysmal pain in uterus.
Pulsating pain in uterus.
Pain in uterus comes and goes suddenly.
Wandering pain in uterus
Pain in uterus extending to back.
Prolapse of uterus in the morning, after confinement.
Bearing down pain in uterus and region of uterus as if everything would come out.
Bearing down pain during stool, during menses, aggravated by walking, ameliorated by pressing on vulva or by supporting the abdomen with hands.
Bearing down pain in uterus and region of uterus while sitting, she feels as if pushing something up, ameliorated when standing erect.
Menorrhagia that start suddenly with a hot flow of dark blood with black clots.
Menses too soon and very profuse, of thick, decomposed, dark red blood.
Offensive, acrid menses.
Fluid blood of menses contains clots.
Metrorrhagia appears suddenly and ceases suddenly.
Metrorrhagia with convulsions.
Metrorrhagia after fright.
Gushing metrorrhagia in labour.
Hot metrorrhagia in labour.
Metrorrhagia from polypus.
Vagina open and dry.
Heat in vagina during labour.
Pressing pain in vagina before and/or during menses.
Labour pains ceasing and convulsions coming on.
The Belladonna pulsating can be felt also in ovaries or in the uterus.
ChestBelladonna patients may complain of pulsation in the chest in the morning on waking. At other times there can be a sense of constriction in the heart area which may worry the patient and make him want to press his chest and bend forward. In Belladonna the cough aggravates the whole condition; the headache and all pains are bothered by the cough. The head feels as if it would break open with each cough. Lastly, one finds inflammations of the breast where the pain is aggravated by lying down.
Larynx and Trachea: Constriction of larynx during cough.
Respiration - Anxious respiration with oppression during heat. Asthmatic respiration in the evening, in warm wet weather. Respiration difficult after rising in the morning, ameliorated in cold air. Respiration difficult when bending head backwards, from coffee, with constriction of larynx, when drinking, with epistaxis, after sleep, when swallowing, on touching larynx. Respiration intermittent during sleep.
Cough and Expectoration - The barking cough of Belladonna is well known, with aggravation after 3p.m. until almost midnight.
Anxiety in heart region in the evening, after dinner, aggravated by lying on left side.
Anxiety in heart region during menses.
Constriction of chest in the evening in bed. Convulsive constriction of chest. Gurgling of heart when breathing.
Haemorrhage of hot blood. Chest hot and glowing.
Pain in chest when lying on left side; lying on painful side aggravates.
Pain in right side of chest.
Pain in chest while lying on painful side.
Sore, bruised pain in chest during non-menstrual periods going up and down stairs.
Aching pain while sitting.
Cramping pain in chest during sleep.
Gnawing pain in costal cartilages of short ribs.
Stitching pain aggravated by sneezing and yawning.
Violent palpitation of heart.
Bubbling palpitation of heart.
Pulse much increased in force and frequency.
Spasms of diaphragm.
Sensation as if heart were swelling.
Trembling of heart in morning.
Perspiration of chest during menses.
Redness of chest.
Erysipelas of mammae.
Hypertrophy of mammae. Pain in mammae while lying.
Sensation of lumps under sternum.
BackBelladonna produces a peculiar type of lumbago with pain that radiates up to the head. In this condition, and indeed in many of the complaints of the lower half of the body, the patient wants and is ameliorated by warm applications.
There is a characteristic coldness of the back and of the extremities - especially legs - during menses.
Pain in back from suppressed menses. Pain as though the back would break during suppressed menses.
Coldness of the back can extend over the whole body.
The pains in the back have all the modalities of the remedy: aggravated by coughing, by jarring, while walking; ameliorated when bending backward, lying on something hard, by gentle motion, by sitting up, by standing.
The pain from the back extends to groin, to bladder, to stomach, to lower extremities.
Pain with chill in lumbar region extending to bladder and groins.
Drawing pain in lumbar region extending into arms and thighs during labour.
Pain from left side goes to the right, from left scapula to the right.
Pain in lumbar region with haemorrhoids.
Pain in coccyx while lying on back.
Swelling of glands of nape.
Boils in scapular region.
Eruption of pustules in cervical region.
ExtremitiesColdness of extremities with hot head should be considered a universal symptom for this remedy.
All kinds of convulsions and cramps: convulsion of extremities after hiccup; convulsion of flexor muscles; convulsion of upper limbs at night; convulsion of thumb.
Cramps in hand during stool alternating with dim vision; in thumb while writing; in nates while stooping; in the thigh.
Upper Limbs - Eruption of boils on shoulder.
Lower Limbs - Bubbling sensations are felt in the extremities, in lower limbs, moving downward towards the knee, or the foot.
FeverBelladonna can produce convulsions, mainly febrile. The convulsion frequently localises to the right side of the body, often beginning in the right arm.
Feet ice-cold; can scarcely be warmed.
Chill in the evening when undressing.
Chill from bathing.
Chill beginning in and extending from both arms at once; from sacrum; from scrobiculis cordis.
Chilliness in the afternoon; after dinner; during stool.
Drinking warm drinks aggravates chill; eating warm things aggravates chill.
Chill after eating.
Chill after exposure: during the rains, to the heat of the sun, from becoming wet.
Chill in hot summer weather.
Pernicious chill with red face, delirium and bursting headache, pale face when lying down, red when sitting up.
Chill after perspiration.
Double quotidian chili.
Several chills in a day.
Shaking from chills, with heat of face and head.
Shaking with chill during stool.
Violent chill with delirium.
Violent chill with coma.
Chill ameliorated by external warmth.
Fever with dry burning heat at night.
Fever at night with perspiration.
Fever with dry heat and delirium at night.
Fever at noon.
Fever in affected parts.
Fever ameliorated in bed.
Fever without chill in the afternoon; evening; night.
Fever with febrile heat only during the day.
Fever during dentition; when drinking beer; with shivering from drinking cold water; after eating dinner.
Dry, burning heat alternating with chilliness.
Burning heat with distended blood vessels.
Excessive heat, distended veins, insatiable thirst, with anxiety and trembling.
Burning heat in the afternoon; evening; night.
Burning heat with furious delirium.
Burning internal heat.
Burning hot fever within and without, body turning hot.
Fever with intense heat of the head and face, while body remains cold.
Heat and pulsation in the head, with burning of the eyes.
The head and face hot, the latter somewhat puffy.
Head hot; face red; eyes protruding; pupils dilated, look staring.
Fever with intense heat, with stupefaction and unconsciousness; with
convulsions; with delirium.
Continued fever at night, temperature running very high.
Burning hot fever with unquenchable thirst.
Exanthematic fevers: measles, scarlatina; exanthematic continued fever.
Fever with external heat in the morning.
Fever after mental exertion.
Remittent fever in the afternoon; evening.
Infantile remittent fever.
Shuddering fever with the heat.
Standing ameliorates fever.
Succession of stages of fever: chill, then sweat, then heat.
Succession of stages of fever: chill followed by heat with sweat.
Succession of stages of fever: chill then heat.
Several attacks of fever in one day, during which the hot stage follows the cold
within a few minutes to half an hour after, always without thirst in either stage, and mostly with confusion of the head.
Fever in heat of sun.
Fever with aversion to uncovering.
The skin hot, dry, scarlet, especially intense on the face and ears.
Temperature of skin increased, face red, pulse accelerated, with senseless
talking, and tottering about as if drunk.
Profuse perspiration on covered parts.
Perspiration on uncovered parts.
Perspiration ameliorated on uncovering.
Perspiration during daytime sleep.
Perspiration in the afternoon, from 4 p.m. to midnight.
Perspiration at night before menses; during menses.
Perspiration at midnight on waking; after waking.
Getting out of bed ameliorates perspiration.
Cold perspiration after urination.
Perspiration during convulsions.
Perspiration from fright.
General sweat except on head.
Perspiration before menses.
Smoky odour of perspiration.
Burnt odour of perspiration.
Perspiration on right side.
Perspiration on single parts when lain on.
Perspiration ameliorated during sleep.
Perspiration staining the linen brownish-yellow.
Sudden perspiration, disappearing suddenly.
Complaints from suppressed perspiration.
SleepDuring the Belladonna sleep one often sees evidence of the same intensity and emotional vividness which was earlier described. The sleep is usually very deep with heavy snoring, and the patient is aroused with difficulty. These patients may talk in their sleep, or, at other times, there may be bruxism or grinding of the teeth during sleep. Belladonna patients characteristically sleep on the abdomen, and many of their complaints are ameliorated when lying on the abdomen. Furthermore, they may find it impossible to sleep while lying on the back.
Frequently one finds in these patients a history of recurrent dreams of falling [Thuja]. They may see themselves jumping from a height or see themselves walking up a flight of stairs and missing a step and plummeting downward. Then, as if striking the ground, they wake up with a jerk. Thus, Belladonna is listed in capitals in the Repertory under the rubric 'starting from sleep'.
Sleep disturbed by frightful visions on closing eyes.
SkinThe skin of the Belladonna patient can be quite sensitive. It may become raw and red. The skin is exquisitely sensitive to the sun, direct sunlight being possibly very painful on the skin. The eruptions can be markedly aggravated by the sun, even more than the eruptions of Natrum muriaticum.
The skin can also be prone to a type of contact dermatitis. There is frequently a sensitivity to detergents or soaps, and the skin becomes irritated from washing. Sometimes even bathing in salt water can produce this eruption. Large, red patches of skin may rapidly swell up and rapidly disappear in this dermatitis.
Belladonna can be useful in skin infections. It produces erysipelas with glistening, red, dry skin. Also, Belladonna can be indicated in rapidly developing boils. The boils swell and throb with the pulse. Finally, one can see in the skin the development of erythema nodosum. Large, intensely red nodules appear which give the impression that the disease is of great intensity.
The characteristic skin of Belladonna is: 'Uniform, smooth, shining, scarlet red, so hot that it imparts a burning sensation to the hand of one who feels it.'
'The face, upper extremities, and trunk exhibited a diffuse scarlet efflorescence, studded with innumerable papillae, very closely resembling the rash of scarlatina. The eruption terminated abruptly at the wrists and flexure of the thighs, the rest of the body retaining the natural colour. The skin was hot and dry'.
CLINICALAbscess. Acne. Amaurosis. Apoplexy. Bladder weakness. Boils. Infections of brain. Disease of bronchial glands. Carbuncle. Colic. Constipation. Convulsions. Cough. Croup. Delirium tremens. Depression. Diarrhoea. Dysentery. Infection of ear. Enteric fever. Epilepsy. Erysipelas. Erythema. Excitement. Infection of eye. Effects of fear. Glandular swellings. Goitre. Gout. Haemorrhoids. Headache. Infection of heart. Hydrocephalus. Hydrophobia. Hyperaemia. Influenza. Infection of kidney. Infection of lung. Malignant pustule. Mania. Measles. Meningitis. Menstruation. Mouth infection. Mumps. Neuralgia. Infection of nose. Nyctalopia. Nymphomania. Paralysis. Parametritis. Perichondritis. Perimetritis. Peritonitis. Phlegmasia alba dolens. Pleurisy. Pneumogastric paralysis. Pneumonia. Disorders of pregnancy. Puerperal mania. Rheumatism. Roseola. Scarlatina. Sensitiveness. Disorders of sleep. Disordered smell. Strangury. Disordered taste. Tenesmus. Infection of testicles. Thirst. Sore throat. Infection of tongue. Tuberculosis. Ulcers. Uterine infection. Vaccinia. Vertigo. Pertussis. Worm fever.
Belladonna must be compared with the other Solanaceae: Caps., Dulc, Lycps., Hyos., Stramonium and the alkaloids Atropia and Solania..
It follows well: Ars., Calc-c, Cham., Lach., Merc, Nit-ac
It is followed well by: Arn., Chin., Cham., Con., Dulc, Hep., Hyos., Lach., Rhus-t, Seneg., Stram., Tereb., Valer., Verat.
DOSAGEFrom 3x to the highest.